org.slf4j.helpers
Class MessageFormatter

java.lang.Object
  extended by org.slf4j.helpers.MessageFormatter

public final class MessageFormatter
extends Object

Formats messages according to very simple substitution rules. Substitutions can be made 1, 2 or more arguments.

For example,

 MessageFormatter.format("Hi {}.", "there")
 
will return the string "Hi there.".

The {} pair is called the formatting anchor. It serves to designate the location where arguments need to be substituted within the message pattern.

In case your message contains the '{' or the '}' character, you do not have to do anything special unless the '}' character immediately follows '{'. For example,

 MessageFormatter.format("Set {1,2,3} is not equal to {}.", "1,2");
 
will return the string "Set {1,2,3} is not equal to 1,2.".

If for whatever reason you need to place the string "{}" in the message without its formatting anchor meaning, then you need to escape the '{' character with '\', that is the backslash character. Only the '{' character should be escaped. There is no need to escape the '}' character. For example,

 MessageFormatter.format("Set \\{} is not equal to {}.", "1,2");
 
will return the string "Set {} is not equal to 1,2.".

The escaping behavior just described can be overridden by escaping the escape character '\'. Calling

 MessageFormatter.format("File name is C:\\\\{}.", "file.zip");
 
will return the string "File name is C:\file.zip".

The formatting conventions are different than those of MessageFormat which ships with the Java platform. This is justified by the fact that SLF4J's implementation is 10 times faster than that of MessageFormat. This local performance difference is both measurable and significant in the larger context of the complete logging processing chain.

See also format(String, Object), format(String, Object, Object) and arrayFormat(String, Object[]) methods for more details.

Author:
Ceki Gülcü, Joern Huxhorn

Constructor Summary
MessageFormatter()
           
 
Method Summary
static FormattingTuple arrayFormat(String messagePattern, Object[] argArray)
          Same principle as the format(String, Object) and format(String, Object, Object) methods except that any number of arguments can be passed in an array.
static FormattingTuple format(String messagePattern, Object arg)
          Performs single argument substitution for the 'messagePattern' passed as parameter.
static FormattingTuple format(String messagePattern, Object arg1, Object arg2)
          Performs a two argument substitution for the 'messagePattern' passed as parameter.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

MessageFormatter

public MessageFormatter()
Method Detail

format

public static final FormattingTuple format(String messagePattern,
                                           Object arg)
Performs single argument substitution for the 'messagePattern' passed as parameter.

For example,

 MessageFormatter.format("Hi {}.", "there");
 
will return the string "Hi there.".

Parameters:
messagePattern - The message pattern which will be parsed and formatted
argument - The argument to be substituted in place of the formatting anchor
Returns:
The formatted message

format

public static final FormattingTuple format(String messagePattern,
                                           Object arg1,
                                           Object arg2)
Performs a two argument substitution for the 'messagePattern' passed as parameter.

For example,

 MessageFormatter.format("Hi {}. My name is {}.", "Alice", "Bob");
 
will return the string "Hi Alice. My name is Bob.".

Parameters:
messagePattern - The message pattern which will be parsed and formatted
arg1 - The argument to be substituted in place of the first formatting anchor
arg2 - The argument to be substituted in place of the second formatting anchor
Returns:
The formatted message

arrayFormat

public static final FormattingTuple arrayFormat(String messagePattern,
                                                Object[] argArray)
Same principle as the format(String, Object) and format(String, Object, Object) methods except that any number of arguments can be passed in an array.

Parameters:
messagePattern - The message pattern which will be parsed and formatted
argArray - An array of arguments to be substituted in place of formatting anchors
Returns:
The formatted message


Copyright © 2005-2014 QOS.ch. All Rights Reserved.